Is Bottled Water Worth the Risk of Reduced Spermcount and Fertility?

Is Bottled Water Worth the Risk of Reduced Fertility?

Plastic Consumption Directly Linked to Falling Birth Rates Across the World

In recent years, a startling connection has emerged between the widespread use of plastics and a global decline in fertility. Dr. Shanna Swan, a leading environmental medicine and public health professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, has spearheaded research uncovering the detrimental effects of phthalates—chemicals found in plastics—on human reproductive health. Her findings, detailed in her 2021 book, "Countdown," highlight a worrying trend: over the past four decades, sperm levels in Western men have plummeted by over 50%, and female fertility is also waning.

What Are the Risks for You with plastic packaging such as bottled water?

The risks posed by these chemicals are multifaceted. Phthalates, used to make plastics soft and flexible, are known to disrupt hormonal functions, impacting both male and female fertility. In men, these chemicals have been linked to lower sperm counts and poor quality sperm. In women, there is a notable decline in fertility, particularly at younger ages compared to previous generations. These findings not only signify a health crisis but also an impending socio-cultural shift reminiscent of dystopian scenarios like those depicted in Margaret Atwood's "The Handmaid’s Tale."

Is It Worth Taking the Risk?

Dr. Swan's research suggests that the risks associated with exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals like phthalates are substantial. The profound impact of these chemicals, especially during critical developmental phases such as in utero, is undeniable. They pose not just a risk to current generations but potentially have multi-generational effects. Given these high stakes, reducing exposure to such chemicals seems not just prudent but essential. Avoiding bottled water is a relatively easy way of reducing bottled water consumption.

What Are the Alternatives to Bottled Water?

The crux of the issue with bottled water is its packaging in plastic, which contains harmful phthalates. As a safer alternative, Dr. Swan recommends using a high quality water filter (e.g. EcoPro) or water from glass or stainless-steel containers (see BottlePro). She also emphasizes the importance of consuming unprocessed foods and using products that are devoid of harmful chemicals. Additionally, she advocates for a broader societal shift towards environmental consciousness and a demand for stricter regulations on chemical use in consumer products.


The implications of Dr. Swan's research are profound. Not only do they demand individual behavioral changes, like avoiding bottled water and other plastic-contained products, but they also necessitate a systemic overhaul of how we manufacture and use everyday products. The correlation between declining fertility rates and the ubiquitous presence of harmful chemicals in our environment is a clarion call for immediate action, both at the individual and policy levels.

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